A powerful painting by Artemisia Gentileschi, depicting the torturing of Saint Catherine, is touring Britain. What did the women of Send Prison make of the chilling work?
Two women are chatting in front of a painting of Catherine of Alexandria, a saint martyred in the fourth century. The figure is shown leaning on a wheel studded with iron spikes, part of the instrument of her torture. Shes my friend now, says one of the women. Strong lady, says the other. Like the girls where Im from. They move on to the subject of Catherines fate. These martyrs arent martyrs like you and me, says one. Im not dying for no cause, adds her friend.
The women, who cannot be named, are inmates at HMP Send, a prison for high-risk female offenders in Surrey. The painting, by a woman who suffered appalling abuse and violence in 17th-century Italy, is hanging in the jail library. It was bought by the National Gallery for 3.6m last year and, as part of a tour of unlikely venues that has so far included a doctors surgery and a school, the gallery has sent it here.
It is the first loan of a painting to a prison by any British national collection. When I ask Carlene Dixon, the prisons governor, if she had concerns about the emotions this intimate artwork might stir in the prisoners, she jokes: I was more worried about somebody nicking it.
The work is by Artemisia Gentileschi, who broke through the heavy black marble ceiling of baroque Italy to become a successful female painter. Raped as a teenager, the artist fused the trauma of her life with biblical scenes, in this case painting herself as the martyred saint. The artist is often regarded as more savage than Caravaggio, exacting revenge in blood-splattered works. In another magnificent painting, called Judith Beheading Holofernes, we see a muscular woman holding the general down on a bed while another saws his head off. Hes awake.
Saint Catherine was sentenced to be ground to death between spiked wheels but the machine was broken thanks to what was seen as divine intervention and she survived. Thats the moment of triumph with which Gentileschi identifies. What does this portrayal of faith, endurance and redemption look like to someone whos locked up? They were just firing questions at me, says Jo Lewis, an artist who led workshops with the prisoners. They wanted to know all about Artemisia and her time.
But the painting spoke to them just as strongly as the details of the artists life. Prisoners saw their own longings in there. To some, the wheel looked like a lid, leading to speculation that Catherine had just escaped from something possibly a container or a cell. Its a strikingly personal interpretation and gives rise to a powerful connection that spans centuries: like Gentileschi, they see something of their own lives mirrored in what Catherine went through.
HMP Send is a formidable place, hidden away in a quiet Surrey suburb. I pass through one gated section after another. By the time Ive crossed the grounds and made it to the library, I feel trapped. For many prisoners, this is a long-term home. About 40% are serving at least 10 years, says Dixon. And many are serving life.